Martyr Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini Beheshti, as one of the 7th Tir martyr was the first chairman of the State Supreme Court after islamic revolution and the secretary general of the Islamic Republic Party.
Martyr Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini Beheshti was born in a district called "Lomban" in Isfahan "Chaharsouq" district on October 24, 1928. He was born in a family whose members were familiar with Islamic values.
His father was one of Isfahan’s Alems and prayer leader of "Lomban" mosque who went to the village once a week in order to preach and solve the problems of people and establish the community prayers. His maternal grandfather the late "Haj Mir Mohammad Sadiq Modarres Khatunabadi", was one of the leading authorities on divine law.
Martyr Beheshti studied Religious Sciences in "Qom" under greate teachers like: "Ayatollah Mohaghegh Yazdi", "Imam Khomeini" and "Ayatollah Boroujerdi" and the others. Acquaintance with "Allameh Tabatabayee" affected on his life. In addition, he recieved PhD of "Philosophy" in 1959.
He was an effective leaders in islamic revolution; Through the command of "Imam Khomeini" he was chosen and appointed as the chairman of the Supreme Court. He founded the Islamic Republic Party.
Finally martyr Beheshti was martyred on 28 Juan 1981 with 72 members of the Islamic Republic party.
In 1963, Martyr Beheshti participated in religious jurisprudence council of "Motalefeh" councils (Motalefeh council was a party which opposed government at that time) with "Ayatollah Motahhari".
Martyr Beheshti departed for Germany in order to administer "Hamburg Mosque" following insistence of "Ayatollah Haeri" and "Ayatollah Khansari" in 1965. He changed the name of "Hamburg Mosque of Iranians" to "Hamburg Islamic Center". He also established Central Union of Islamic Associations of Persian Speaking University Students.
He established some centers for doing organizational activities against the government in 1976. He made lots of efforts to establish the party under the name of "Rouhaniat Mobarez Tehran" with "Ayatollah Motahhari", "shahid Mofatteh", "Ayatollah Emami Kashani" and "Hojjat-Ol-eslam Maleki". The name of the council was previously "Combatant Clerics in Shemiran". In 1977, "Rouhaniat Mobarez Tehran" was established.
In 1978, he met "Imam Khomeini" in Paris and participated "Islamic Revolution Council" with "Ayatollah Motahhari", "Ayatollah Mahdavi Kani", "Ayatollah Khamenei" (leader of Islamic Republic), "Ayatollah Taleghani" and others. He announced existence of the party on February 18, 1979.
He became a member in "Khobregan Majlis" to write constitution on December, 1979. He took part in the election of Leadership "Khobregan Majlis", and as a vice president of Majlis he dealt with managing the affairs, preparing and forming the Constitution.
As an intellectual person in the revolution’s council martyr Beheshti wanted to organize and arrange the affairs. Regarding this mentioned fact he founded the Islamic Republic Party.