Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah is a Shiite cleric and Third secretary general of Hezbollah movement in Lebanon. He rose to that position in 1992, when an Israeli helicopter gunned down his predecessor and mentor, Sayyed Abbas Mousavi. He is prominent figure in Lebanese politics and one of the most magnetic leaders in the Middle East.
Sheikh Hassan Abdel Karim Nasrallah was born the ninth of ten children into a Shia family in Bourj Hammoud, Matn District (an eastern suburb of Beirut) on 31 August 1960. he was the oldest of three brothers and five sisters. His father, Abdul Karim, was born in Bazourieh, a village in Jabal Amel (South Republic of Lebanon) located near Tyre. His father used to sell fruit and vegetable with the help of his brothers.
Nasrallah was raised in the impoverished Karantina district of eastern Beirut, where his father ran a small grocery store. As a boy Nasrallah was an earnest student of Islam. After the outbreak of civil war in Lebanon in 1975 caused the family to flee south from Beirut, Nasrallah joined Amal, a Lebanese Shīʿite paramilitary group with ties to Iran and Syria. Soon afterward he left for Najaf, Iraq, to study at the Shīʿite seminary there. Following the expulsion of hundreds of Lebanese students from Iraq in 1978, he returned to Lebanon and fought with Amal, becoming the group’s "Al-Beqaa Valley" commander.
Following Israel’s invasion of Lebanon in 1982, Nasrallah left Amal to join the nascent Hezbollah movement, a more-radical force that was heavily influenced by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini and the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran.
From a very young age, he was a remarkable student, devoted to the teachings of Islam, and attracted the attention of the heads of the Shiite leadership in Tehran, till the moment he became a leader in his own right in Lebanon. Hassan Abdel Karim Nasrallah, Lebanese militia and political leader who served as leader of Hezbollah from 1992.
Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah's birth and residence was in "Karantina" neighborhood, one of the most impoverished and underprivileged neighborhoods in the eastern suburbs of Beirut. He terminated his elementary education in “Najah” School, and he was one of the last groups who obtained the “Certificate” (its public examination was canceled in 1970).
After that he continued his study in the public school of Sin el-Feel (Christian area) Beirut. In April 1975, the Lebanese Civil War forced the family to move to their ancestral home in Bazourieh, where Nasrallah completed his secondary education at the public school of Sour (Tyre). Here he joined the Amal Movement, a Lebanese Shi'a political group. Despite his young age he was appointed local organizational official for Albazouria in Amal movement.
During Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah's Party Secretariat, the Islamic Resistance fought a number of heroic confrontations with the occupation army. The most significant of these confrontations was "Settling the Account" war in July 1993, "Grapes of Wrath" war in April 1996, through to the great historic achievement of liberating the greater part of Lebanese territory on May 25, 2000, arriving at the historic and strategic victory in 2006. He continues to exercise the Secretariat duties today.
Under Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah's leadership, Hizbullah plunged widely into the midst of internal political life in Lebanon and participated in parliamentary elections in 1992. It was the first parliamentary elections to be held after the end of the civil war in Lebanon. Hizbullah's important election victory brought 12 of its members into the Lebanese Parliament; they formed the Loyalty to the Resistance Bloc. Hizbullah also plunged into Ministerial work in 2005, with two Ministers in the Cabinet, Dr Trad Hamadeh and Hajj Mohammad Fneich.